MISSOURI ABSENTEE/ MAIL-IN BALLOT RULES: State law requires that applicants (or a relative, as described below) submit an absentee or mail-in ballot application to the local election authority. The law specifies who may submit these applications to the local election authority, and does not authorize a third party to submit the application on behalf of the voter unless a relative, as described in Section 115.279, RSMo:
1. Application for an absentee ballot may be made by the applicant in person, or by mail, or for the applicant, in person, by his or her guardian or a relative within the second degree by consanguinity or affinity. The election authority shall accept applications by facsimile transmission and by electronic mail within the limits of its telecommunications capacity.
- The new mail-in voting law allows mail-in voting applications to be submitted only in person or by mail. The law does not provide for facsimile or electronic mail transmission.
- Any organization that sends absentee ballot application forms to a voter with instructions to print, complete, and submit to the voter’s LEA is operating within the law.
- However, an organization that collects information and submits either an absentee or mail-in ballot application on behalf of the voter (and is not related) is not meeting the requirements of the law.
- Any deviation from the statutory requirements can – and previously has – resulted in contested elections. In some cases, this has led to elections being invalidated and a new election being called.
The state of Missouri allows for absentee voting if you:
- Will be absent from your voting jurisdiction on Election Day
- Are incapacitated or confined due to illness or physical disability, or caring for an incapacitated person*
- Are restricted by religious belief or practice
- Are employed by an election authority
- Are incarcerated, but have retained all your voting qualification
- Are a participant in the Missouri SAFE at home program
If you are qualified as stated above, the next step is to decide if you want to vote by mail or in person.
Absentee Voting In Person
In-person voting begins six weeks prior to each election and is available at the Election Board absentee office (Suite 2800- level B) at Union Station from 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m., Monday through Friday. The Election Board is also open the Saturday before each election from 8:00 to noon. Please bring identification with you when voting in person. The deadline to vote absentee in-person is 5:00 p.m. the Monday before each Election Day.
Absentee Voting by Mail
If you wish to vote by mail, you may request your application for a ballot up to 10 weeks in advance of the election but no later than the second Wednesday prior to the election.
Please note that all ballots must be notarized (except those submitted by an incapacitated or confined voter*), signed and received by the Election Board no later than 7 p.m. on election day. Ballots received after the deadline will not be counted.
Voters may call 816-842-4820 ext. 227 to request an absentee ballot application, write a letter, or download the application from this site. Absentee ballot applications will be available prior to each election.
Absentee ballot applications may be returned by mail or fax to:
Kansas City Election Board
Attn: Absentee Department
30 W. Pershing Rd., Suite 2800
Kansas City, MO 64108
Once an application is received, a ballot will be mailed to the voter within three business days.
A person who is confined at home, or at a nursing or rehabilitative facility may request to be placed on the permanently disabled list. These voters will automatically receive an absentee application for every election in their jurisdiction. Also, they will not be required to have their absentee ballots notarized. Click here to download this form.
For more information on accessibility and disability services, please click here.